Ballast Water Treatment
The use of ballast water in ships creates problems for the environment, if not treated. The problems occur due to the delicate balance of local eco systems being affected by non-indigenous species and aquatic nuisance organisms that are introduced after travelling with ships from their start point in their ballast water.
One of the solutions to this problem is to use ozone to treat the ballast water before it is released. Due to the high level oxidation properties of ozone, it is able to destroy bacteria and viruses. That means that when used to treat ballast water, it performs the job of inactivating micro organisms, phytoplankton, and zooplankton that are present in the water, resulting in a greatly reduced number of non indigenous species released into the new eco system. The use of ozone also means that ballast water can be recycled and reused.